Guidelines Erasmus+ Sport Project “Ski 4 all”

The project “SKI for ALL”
The project is based on a training path that will guarantee to youngsters living with Spina Bifida to learn the ski techniques. The training directed to ski coaches will start from:

  • an evaluation of the attitudes of the youngsters;
  • a choice of appropriate modalities according to the objectives and the evaluation of the physical possibilities;
  • an integration of eventual diagnosis (physical and pathological);
  • by promoting a multidisciplinary intervention

Introduction:
“States Parties recognize the right of persons with disabilities to take part on an equal basis with others in cultural life, to enjoy access to cultural materials in accessible formats” “States Parties shall take appropriate measures to enable persons with disabilities to have the opportunity to develop and utilize their creative, artistic and intellectual potential, not only for their own benefit, but also for the enrichment of society.” (art. 30 of the Convention on the Rights of Person with Disabilities (CRPD)).

The right of the children to ski with their friends and families must not be only a desire but a real and strong opportunity to grow up and to be included in social context.

Sport makes happen good and unexpected results overcoming limits and discrimination, building up a social network of inclusion. Sport helps young people to express their physical, cognitive and interpersonal skills, sharing moments between people in a safe space where freedom, mental and physical well-being is assured by the sport practice.

Ski for All wants to create a flipbook as a guide to better know Spina Bifida and to illustrate the best training techniques for coaches and teachers who want to teach sport to a young person with limited mobility.

Teacher/Coach…
The teacher/coach should put the young affected by Spina Bifida in his/her best way to learn how to ski in total security and in order to improve all his/her possibilities. The teacher should accompany the pupil into his self improvement path in order to help him to express himself and his skills, trying to reach his desires and dreams. The coach should make the pupil free to make mistakes, foster and protect him from some dangerous mistakes that might happen. The core of his way of teaching should not be only a good preparation in ski techniques but also a way to develop empathy, and good relationship building through all the period of the training in order to enrich the human experience of the pupil.

multidisciplinary sharing
This activity might bring new results about the person affected by Spina Bifida, so it is fundamental that all the “discoveries” are shared among the specialists/ professionals (doctors, psychologists, teachers, nutritionists, etc.) taking care of the person and eventually ask them to cooperate for the whole treatment.


Subject/Topic Launched for the methodology:

Introduction

  • mention on limited mobility;
  • Sport and rehabilitation;
  • History about ski and people with disability

Focus on Spina Bifida, in order to treat this kind of pathology directly.

  • Spinal column;
  • Spina Bifida and consequential limited mobility;
  • Not physical issues related to the pathology
Functional classification, evaluation of the person in order to apply a proper teaching method (sitting or standing)

Bioengineering and facilities equipment must be known and tried.

  • All the facilities available in market must be known, proved and approved;
  • Assignment facilities and related uses according to the limited mobility/skills;
  • Management and maintenance of the facilities;
  • Choice of the best posture in order to find the best way to deal with the residual mobility of the person;
  • Use and regulation of the parts of the facilities (dampers, skilift- chairlift)
Creation of facility’s sheets thought for the person in order to gain information about him/her

Teaching techniques

BEGINNER LEVEL

  • Choice of the proper materials/facilities;
  • Explanation of the facilities;
  • First trial of the facilities in situ
  • Definition of objectives, timetable, skills to develop;
  • Choice of the place (mountain hillside)

ADVANCED LEVEL

  • Choice of the proper materials/facilities;
  • Definition of objectives, timetable, skills to develop;
  • Choice of the place (mountain hillside)

TOP LEVEL

  • Choice of the proper materials/facilities but into a more competitive frame;
  • Definition of objectives, timetable, skills to develop;
  • Choice of the place (mountain hillside)

Transversal subjects for all levels:

  • First experience of the person on the snow (movement);
  • Use of ski lifts on total security;
  • Use of software for sport analysis